[kaya-ooyook] 'He who rolls up with his paddle in his kayak after a capsize
Sculling describes a continuous back and forth movement with the paddle blade at a slight angle to create a more or less constant lift.
This can be used for bracing and maneuvering as well, e.g. to move you kayak sideways.
In the Greenland style rolling competitions, you have to use sculling for two different braces and four rolls.

Side scull

For the side scull lean backwards and slide your upper body into the water with shoulders parallel to the water surface.
At the same time extend your paddle with blade parallel to the surface. Your are holding yourself lying in the water next to your kayak by moving your paddle blade back and forth in a slow continuous motion, controlling the blade angle on each interval.
Also use your knee and hips to keep your kayak from turning on it's edge into the water. The kayak should be as upright as possible.
Left Sideview
Left Frontview
Right Sideview 
Right Frontview  

Chest scull

For the chest scull grab you paddle in the middle and near to the end of one blade.
Now while you fall down into the water on one side have the arm with the hand on the end of the blade straight and far down in the water while the other arm is bent with the elbow over the middle part of your paddle. Keep lower hand still and slide from side to side with the upper hand to keep a steady position.
The head stays submerged during the scull.
Recover while blade slides forward towards the bow with head close to the foredeck.
Left Sideview 
Left Frontview
Right Sideview 
Right Frontview


Balance brace

The balance brace means that you lie next to your kayak without any paddle movement at all!
I was faszinated by this idea, but could not do it for a long time.
I think the best way to start is to perform a very good side scull and make the paddle movement slower and slower until you can take the paddle with the extended arm in the middle of the shaft, so that your paddle floats on the water surface and supports you with both blades.
The key to a balance brace is to arch your back and twist your torso in a way that your shoulders lie horizontally on the water surface.
The traditional version from Greenland is to have the paddle behind your head and under the kayaks hull while you do this.
I find it a bit harder than the first version while afloat and the recovery definately is tricky.
The Greenlanders call this maneuver 'Nalaasaarneq' 'To lie down'. For them this was a technique to relax your muscles on a long hunting day. I read that they even slept for short periods on calm conditions!
It looks quite relaxing, but in the beginning feels like capsizing all the time until you realize that you don't. The English name was chosen well!
Now that I am better, I begin to feel that it might at some point be possible to have a nap in this position!
You can make this even harder by letting go of your paddle and perform the balance brace only with your arms.
For an elbow roll it is a good idea to practice the balance brace with only your elbow extended, then try to roll into this floating position and recover from there. Last step is then to do this in a fluent motion.
Also try to lift your paddle out of the water to make it even harder.
Traditional Greenland version
Balance brace with arms only
QajaqUSA version

With one elbow only
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